FAQ’s on the state of family violence
Both women and men are impacted by domestic violence
Nearly 2.1 million women and men witnessed violence towards their mother by a partner, and nearly 820,000 witnessed violence towards their father, before the age of 15
1 in 16 (0.5 million) men have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by a cohabiting partner since age 15
Children and young people who experience family violence are affected in some way. Such exposure has long-term psychological, emotional and behavioural consequences.
Domestic and family violence affects not only the victims themselves, but the children who witness it, extended families, friends, workplaces and ultimately the whole Australian community. [ii]
People who, as children, witnessed partner violence against their parents were 2–4 times as likely to experience partner violence themselves (as adults) as people who had not (ABS 2017b). ).
One in three women over the age of 15 has experienced physical violence, while one in six has experienced physical or sexual violence from a current or former partner.[iii]
The Family Violence Protection Act (Victoria) 2008 defines family violence as behaviour towards a family member which is: physically or sexually abusive; emotionally or psychologically abusive; economically abusive; threatening; coercive; or in any other way controls or dominates a family member and causes them to feel fear for the safety or well-being of themselves or another person.
The Act says a child is also a victim of the violence if it hears, witnesses or is otherwise exposed to such behaviour or its effects (e.g. a distressed adult, an injured person, damage to property).[iv]
A woman dies at the hands of a current or former partner almost every week in Australia.[v]
The COAG report has identified a lack of data on child victims of family violence in Australia. Furthermore in a 2015 Senate Committee report into domestic violence in Australia it was reported that there were challenges in obtaining and interpreting statistics on domestic violence.[vi]
Family violence directly contravenes Australia’s commitment to the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), and the Rights of the Child. As a signatory to CEDAW,all Australian governments must continue to implement policies and programs to eradicate discrimination in all its forms, against all women. [vii]
Children and young people are also affected by violence against women. Exposure to violence against their mothers or other caregivers causes profound harm to children, with potential impacts on attitudes to relationships and violence, as well as behavioral, cognitive and emotional functioning, social development, and – through a process of ‘negative chain effects’ – education and later employment prospects. [viii]
If you are experiencing domestic and family violence,
or have experienced sexual assault, seek support, call 1800 RESPECT (1800 737 732).
Domestic Violence Crisis Line: 1800 800 098
Women’s Information Service: 8303 0590 or 1800 188 158
Men’s Referral Service: 1300 766 491
Child Abuse Report Line: 131 478
Lifeline (24/7 crisis line): 131 114
Relationships Australia: 1300 364 277
Kids Help Line: 1800 551 800.